Question

Please help with these brie fquestions.1. What are two causes of the Latin American Revolution

2. What are two ways Brazilian society and culture are impacted by African culture

3. Briefly summarize Mary Wollonstonecraft's arguments about women in the eighteenth century European Enlightenment

4. Give two examples of the impact of Protestant Reformation in Europe

5.Give two examples of differences between nineteenth-century liberalism and socialism

6.Give two examples of how industrialization impacted the lives of the working classes in nineteenth century Europe and the Americas

7. Why did slavery in America evolve into a race-based institution

8. What are two causes of the french revolution

9. Briefly explain the relationship between the Scientific Revolution and the European Enlightenment

Answer & Explanation
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1. What are two causes of the Latin American Revolution

Answer: The causes of the Latin American revolutions included the inspiration from the French and American revolution, Napoleon's conquest of Spain triggered revolts, injustices and repression (committed by royal officials) Political and military jobs controlled by Peninsulares, Peninsulares and Creoles controlled wealth.

 

https://lisbdnet.com/what-caused-the-latin-american-revolution/#:~:text=The%20causes%20of%20the%20Latin,Peninsulares%20and%20Creoles%20controlled%20wealth.

 

2. What are two ways Brazilian society and culture are impacted by African culture

Answer: (1)African influences on the Brazilian way of life are strongest along the coast between the Northeast and Rio de Janeiro; they include traditional foods, religions, and popular music and dance, especially the samba.

(2)The large number of blacks in Brazil is the result of one institution: slavery. Slavery provided the crucial cultural contact that would so deeply affect Brazil, Brazilian culture and, of course, Brazilian cuisine.

 

https://www.britannica.com/place/Brazil/Cultural-life

https://www.google.com/url?sa=t&source=web&rct=j&url=https://liberalarts.utexas.edu/hemispheres/_files/pdf/presentations/Humble_to_Sublime.pdf&ved=2ahUKEwjAi9aR6fH1AhXGxYsBHU8vBHUQFnoECAsQBg&usg=AOvVaw0V7TzWH-vnsRoAhJbi5KDZ

 

3.Briefly summarize Mary Wollonstonecraft's arguments about women in the eighteenth century European Enlightenment

Answer:Mary Wollstonecraft was an English writer and a passionate advocate of educational and social equality for women. She called for the betterment of women's status through such political change as the radical reform of national educational systems. Such change, she concluded, would benefit all society.

She wrote A Vindication of the Rights of Woman (1792), a trailblazing feminist work which argues that the educational system deliberately trained women to be frivolous and incapable and that if girls were allowed the same advantages as boys, women would be not only exceptional wives and mothers but also capable workers in many professions.

https://www.britannica.com/biography/Mary-Wollstonecraft

 

4.Give two examples of the impact of Protestant Reformation in Europe

Answer: The long term effects were: (1)the emergence of new heretical movements,(2) the declining of papacy, thus the reevaluation of people's view on the church and life values. The reformation is generally associated with the publication of Martin Luther ninety five theses.

https://lisbdnet.com/what-was-the-long-term-effect-of-the-european-reformation/

 

5.Give two examples of differences between nineteenth-century liberalism and socialism

Answer:(1)The tenets of socialism assert that the state should wield total economic power by manipulating prices of goods and wages of workers while liberalism states that the government should take control of an institution in order to ensure that it continues to be of service to the people, free of charge.

(2). socialism requires people to submit to the rule of law. In return for their compliance, citizens are provided with resources rationed by the government while liberalism does not see any need for the government to enforce law and order and subjugate its citizens under the iron rule of law and order.

http://www.differencebetween.net/miscellaneous/politics/difference-between-socialism-and-liberalism/

 

6.Give two examples of how industrialization impacted the lives of the working classes in nineteenth century Europe and the Americas

Answer: (1) Industrialization changed the family by converting it from a unit of production into a unit of consumption, causing a decline in fertility and a transformation in the relationship between spouses and between parents and children. This change occurred unevenly and gradually, and varied by social class and occupation.

(2)Industrialization disrupted the traditional relationship between generations, as well as the relationship between spouses. Fathers could no longer pass on skills to their children—often the only patrimony workers had—when skills became obsolete. 

https://family.jrank.org/pages/870/Industrialization-Family.html

 

7.Why did slavery in America evolve into a race-based institution

Answer:While the Quran and Islamic law were essentially color-blind and while Muslims enslaved many so-called "white" people, medieval Arabs came to associate the most degrading forms of labor with black slaves.

https://apcentral.collegeboard.org/series/america-on-the-world-stage/origins-american-slavery

 

8. What are two causes of the french revolution

Answer: Although scholarly debate continues about the exact causes of the Revolution, the following reasons are commonly adduced: (1) the bourgeoisie resented its exclusion from political power and positions of honour; (2) the peasants were acutely aware of their situation and were less and less willing to support theanachronistic and burdensome feudal system

 

https://www.britannica.com/event/French-Revolution#:~:text=Although%20scholarly%20debate%20continues%20about,less%20willing%20to%20support%20the

 

9.Briefly explain the relationship between the Scientific Revolution and the European Enlightenment

Answer: The Scientific Revolution influenced the development of the Enlightenment values of individualism because it demonstrated the power of the human mind. The ability of scientists to come to their own conclusions rather than deferring to instilled authority confirmed the capabilities and worth of the individual.

https://www.sparknotes.com/history/european/scientificrevolution/context/#:~:text=The%20Scientific%20Revolution%20influenced%20the,and%20worth%20of%20the%20individual.

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