Question

What were the connections between early television and radio?...

What were the connections between early television and radio? Please discuss in terms of technology, industry, regulation, revenue models, and programming. What aspects of Texaco Star Theatre and/or Kraft Television Theatre illustrate these connections?  

Answer & Explanation
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*The connections between early television and radio are they are both instrument in spreading news.

Mass media means technology that is deliberate to reach a mass audience. It is the primary means of communication used to reach the vast most of the general public. The most common platforms for mass media are newspapers, magazines, radio, television, and the Internet.

 

Technology

*Practical television systems include apparatus for selecting different image sources, mixing images from various sources at once, insertion of pre-recorded video signals, synchronizing signals from many sources, and direct image generation by computer for such purposes as station identification.

 

*Radio technology, transmission and detection of communication signals consisting of electromagnetic waves that travels through the air in a straight line or by mirroring from the ionosphere or from a communications satellite.

 

Industry

*The branch of commercial activity concerned with television engineering or producing, or with television broadcasting.

 

*The "radio industry" is a generic term for any companies or public service supplier who are involved with the broadcast of radio stations or ancillary services.

 

Regulation

*The Television Branch of the Video Services Division licenses and regulates both commercial and noncommercial broadcast UHF and VHF television stations. Licensing and regulation of these facilities is authorized by the Communications Act of 1934, as amended, which sets up certain basic requirements.

This included that a station's commitment to airing and supporting educational children's programming had to become a factor in license renewals, and that limits had to be appoint on the amount of advertising that can be aired during television programs selecting children.

 

*By the early 1920s radio was popular worldwide. The Radio Act of 1912 had announced the secretary of commerce to be the regulatory authority over radio, but the secretary was forced by law to issue licenses to all who applied for one.

The act provided for the licensing of radio operators, a separate frequency for distress calls, absolute priority for distress calls, and 24-hour radio service for ships at sea.

 

Revenue Models

*TV channels earn a desire amount of money mostly by advertising. It essentially shows some seconds of advertisement in between its show and then charges some amount of money to the advertising company. The TV channels with the high TRP come out with the highest advertising rates.

 

*The Radio Workout Team's new business model for radio purchase this power by incorporating new revenue streams from two sources: instituting a strategy of hyper localism in each market, and multiplatform opportunities that now exist as a result of new technology.

 

 

Programing

*In the early electronic television era (1936-39) the pictures were a bit larger, but still only a 9 to 12 inches diameter on a cathode ray tube which gave them a blue-white tinge. Prolonged watching of television often led to eyestrain or headaches, as I recall from my teenage years.

Broadcast programming is the practice of organizing and/or ordering (scheduling) of broadcast media shows, typically radio and television, in a daily, weekly, monthly, quarterly or season-long schedule.

 

*Radio offered another possible programming model. Many early TV shows were in fact based on radio programs, some of which were even televise for years on both media. In many cases, however, images that could be indirect with sound on radio were impossible to produce cheaply for cameras.

 

 

*Texaco Star Theatre and/or Kraft Television Theatre are successful in their shows because of these televisions and radio programs. They became famous in these aspects.

 

Step-by-step explanation

*The connections between early television and radio are they are both instrument in spreading news.

Mass media means technology that is deliberate to reach a mass audience. It is the primary means of communication used to reach the vast most of the general public. The most common platforms for mass media are newspapers, magazines, radio, television, and the Internet.

Both are capable to use satellites for transmitting their signals to any part of the world. It is very common for radio and TV to utilize sound and music effects to enhance value of their products.

 

Technology

*Practical television systems include apparatus for selecting different image sources, mixing images from various sources at once, insertion of pre-recorded video signals, synchronizing signals from many sources, and direct image generation by computer for such purposes as station identification.

Two key technological developments in the late 1800s played an essential role in the evolution of television: the cathode ray tube and the scanning disk. The cathode ray tube, invented by German physicist Karl Ferdinand Braun in 1897, was the precursor of the television picture tube.

*Radio technology, transmission and detection of communication signals consisting of electromagnetic waves that travels through the air in a straight line or by mirroring from the ionosphere or from a communications satellite.

Over several years starting in 1894 the Italian inventor Guglielmo Marconi built the first engineering complete, economically successful wireless telegraphy system based on airborne Hertzian waves (radio transmission)

 

Industry

*The branch of commercial activity concerned with television engineering or producing, or with television broadcasting.

The Baird "Televisor" (sold in 1930-1933 in the UK) is considered the first mass-produced television, selling about a thousand units. In 1926, Kenjiro Takayanagi exhibits the first TV system that employed a cathode ray tube (CRT) display, at Hamamatsu Industrial High School in Japan.

In the early electronic television era (1936-39) the pictures were slightly larger, but still only a 9 to 12 inches diameter on a cathode ray tube which gave them a blue-white tinge. Extended watching of television often led to eyestrain or headaches, as I recall from my teenage years.

*The "radio industry" is a generic term for any companies or public service supplier who are involved with the broadcast of radio stations or ancillary services.

In 1926, RCA (Radio Corporation of America) formed the first national network, called NBC (National Broadcasting Company). Their first nationwide broadcast was the 1927 Rose Bowl football game from Pasadena.

 

 

Regulation

*The Television Branch of the Video Services Division licenses and regulates both commercial and noncommercial broadcast UHF and VHF television stations. Licensing and regulation of these facilities is authorized by the Communications Act of 1934, as amended, which sets up certain basic requirements.

This included that a station's commitment to airing and supporting educational children's programming had to become a factor in license renewals, and that limits had to be appoint on the amount of advertising that can be aired during television programs selecting children.

Republic Act No. 8370 otherwise known as the "Children's Television Act of 1997" was enacted to promote and motivates the production and broadcasting of developmentally-appropriate television programs for children through the administration of a national donation fund for children's television.

*By the early 1920s radio was popular worldwide. The Radio Act of 1912 had announced the secretary of commerce to be the regulatory authority over radio, but the secretary was forced by law to issue licenses to all who applied for one.

The act provided for the licensing of radio operators, a separate frequency for distress calls, absolute priority for distress calls, and 24-hour radio service for ships at sea.

Commenced in 1910, before the Communications Act of 1934 was passed, the Federal Radio Commission was the first organization accepted to control the functioning of radio as a whole through the Commerce Clause. Airwaves run across freeway and international waters, leading to some form of regulation.

 

Revenue Models

*TV channels earn a desire amount of money mostly by advertising. It essentially shows some seconds of advertisement in between its show and then charges some amount of money to the advertising company. The TV channels with the high TRP come out with the highest advertising rates.

Revenue sources of TV production companies commonly come from the following: "advertising revenues, subscription by viewers, fee paid by viewers and public funds, private broadcasters, and public broadcasters.

*The Radio Workout Team's new business model for radio purchase this power by incorporating new revenue streams from two sources: instituting a strategy of hyper localism in each market, and multiplatform opportunities that now exist as a result of new technology.

This new strategy will once again put "listeners first" and add a new element: Audience commitment. The idea is to create strong local media brands through the radio dial, along with podcasts, mobile content, and micro-websites involving strategic media partners.

 

Programing

*In the early electronic television era (1936-39) the pictures were a bit larger, but still only a 9 to 12 inches diameter on a cathode ray tube which gave them a blue-white tinge. Prolonged watching of television often led to eyestrain or headaches, as I recall from my teenage years.

Broadcast programming is the practice of organizing and/or ordering (scheduling) of broadcast media shows, typically radio and television, in a daily, weekly, monthly, quarterly or season-long schedule.

Television is an inevitable part of modern culture. Television can teach kids important values and life lessons. Educational programming can develop young children's interact and learning skills. News, current events and historical programming can help make young people more aware of other cultures and people.

*A variety of new entertainment formats and genres were created for the new medium, many of which later moved to television: radio plays, mystery serials, soap operas, quiz shows, talent shows, daytime and evening variety hours, situation comedies, play-by-play sports, children's shows, cooking shows, and more.

Radio offered another possible programming model. Many early TV shows were in fact based on radio programs, some of which were even televise for years on both media. In many cases, however, images that could be indirect with sound on radio were impossible to produce cheaply for cameras.

 

 

*Texaco Star Theatre and/or Kraft Television Theatre are successful in their shows because of these televisions and radio programs. They became famous in these aspects.

 

*His hugely successful Texaco Star Theater (1948-54) was credited with publicize the new medium in the United States; the variety show, noted for its uncertain live performances, led to a dramatic increase in the number of television sets purchased. Especially popular were skits in which Berle dressed in...

Texaco Star Theater was an American comedy-variety show, broadcast on radio from 1938 to 1949 and telecast from 1948 to 1956. It was one of the first successful examples of American television broadcasting, commemorated as the show that gave Milton Berle the nickname "Mr. Television".

 

The classic 1940-1944 version of the program, hosted by radio's Fred Allen, was followed by a radio series on ABC (the former NBC Blue) in the spring of 1948. When Texaco (now Chevron Corporation) first took it to television on NBC on June 8, 1948, the show had a great cultural impact. Once Texaco ended its sponsorship in 1953, the show became known as The Milton Berle Show for its final few seasons.

Kraft Television Theatre is an American anthology drama television series that began May 7, 1947 on NBC, airing at 7:30pm on Wednesday evenings until December of that year. It first promoted MacLaren's Imperial Cheese, which was publicized nowhere else. In January 1948, it moved to 9pm on Wednesdays, continuing in that timeslot until 1958.

Beginning October 1953, ABC added a separate series (also titled Kraft Television Theatre), created to develop Kraft's new Cheez Whiz product. This series ran for sixteen months, telecast on Thursday evenings at 9:30pm, until January 1955. After Kraft cancelled the second show, the second show changed its sponsor to become Pond's Theatre on ABC-TV from March 1955, while the original Kraft Theatre continued on NBC-TV.