Question

What was the Production Code of 1934? How and why did it come to...

What was the Production Code of 1934? How and why did it come to exist? How did it work? Whose ideas and beliefs were privileged/centered by the Production Code, and conversely whose were ignored/marginalized? 

Answer & Explanation
Verified Solved by verified expert

The Production Code of 1934 was a set of industry guidelines for the self-censorship of content that was applied to most United States motion pictures released by major studios from 1934 to 1968. It is also popularly known as the Hays Code, after Will H. Hays, who was the president of the Motion Picture Producers and Distributors of America (MPPDA) from 1922 to 1945.


The Production Code Administration (PCA) was established by the Motion Picture Producers and Distributors of America (MPPDA) in 1934 to enforce the Motion Picture Production Code.


Under Hays's leadership, the MPPDA, later known as the Motion Picture Association of America (MPAA) and now simply the Motion Picture Association (MPA), adopted the Production Code in 1930 and began rigidly enforcing it in mid-1934. The Production Code of 1934 spelled out what was acceptable and unacceptable content for motion pictures produced for a public audience in the United States.

 

From 1934 to 1954, the code was closely identified with Joseph Breen, the administrator appointed by Hays to enforce the code in Hollywood. The film industry followed the guidelines set by the code well into the late 1950s, but during this time, the code began to weaken owing to the combined impact of television, influence from foreign films, controversial directors (such as Otto Preminger) pushing boundaries, and intervention from the courts, including the US Supreme Court.In 1968, after several years of minimal enforcement, the Production Code was replaced by the MPAA film rating system.
 amor

Step-by-step explanation

Please see above answers.