According to Carl Rogers, there are six core conditions that must exist and continue to exist over time for constructive personality change to occur (Rogers, 2007). In client-centered therapy, the three therapist-provided conditions are congruence, unconditional positive regard, and empathic understanding (Raskin et al., 2019). In more detail, Rogers believed that the six conditions included two people in psychological contact, the client being incongruent, vulnerable, or anxious, the therapist being congruent, having unconditional positive regard for the client, experiencing an empathetic understanding of the client's internal frame of reference, and the therapist being able to communicate the unconditional positive regard and empathy to the client (Raskin et al., 2019).
While these conditions seemed sufficient to Carl Rogers, there has been some criticism regarding the lack of focus on how the client perceives/experiences the therapist's conditions (Tudor, 2011). For example, the therapist's ability to be congruent, provide unconditional positive regard, and empathize is dependent on the client's perception of the therapist (Tudor, 2011). Tudor contends that these conditions necessitate an integral check with the client to determine whether they believe the therapist is meeting those conditions and understanding their world, thus making it a client condition (Tudor, 2011).
What are some other criticisms around the six conditions by Carl Rogers?
Please use any of these references to support your answer with in-text citations
Raskin, N. J., Rogers, C. R., & Witty, M. C. (2019). Client-centered therapy. In D. Wedding & R. J. Corsini (Eds.), Current psychotherapies (11th ed.) pp. 101-156. Boston, MA: Cengage.
Rogers, C. (2007). The Necessary and Sufficient Conditions of Therapeutic Personality Change. Journal of Consulting & Clinical Psychology. Dec, Vol. 60 Issue 6, p827. 6p. DOI: 10.1037/0022-006X.60.6.827 https://discovery.ebsco.com/linkprocessor/plink?id=84550094-b700-3741-a02c-d044c97d9e7b
Tudor, K. (2011). Rogers' therapeutic conditions: A relational conceptualization. Person-Centered and Experiential Psychotherapies, 10(3), 165-180. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=url,cookie,ip,uid&db=a9h&AN=63594202
Silberschatz, G. (2007). Comments on "The Necessary and Sufficient Conditions of Therapeutic Personality Change". Psychotherapy: Theory, Research, Practice, Training, the American Psychological Association 2007, Vol. 44, No. 3, 265-267 0033-3204/07/$12.00 DOI: 10.1037/0033-3220.127.116.115 https://discovery.ebsco.com/linkprocessor/plink?id=464a108e-fc96-37a1-a39a-7c4639862006
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