Question

questions from the first aid

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16. What are some of the ways that you can show respect to casualties? 17. If the casualty is conscious, what should you do before you begin first aid? 18. What things can you do to make the casualty comfortable? 19. What are some examples of first aid equipment that you may need to use? 20. What is a secondary observation?

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Answer & Explanation
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the questions have all been answered in the explanation box.

Step-by-step explanation

            Ways to show respect to casualties

  • Communicating with casualties and trying to be empathetic to them.
  • Timely provision of services- avoid keeping them waiting for too long
  • Properly introducing yourself as the health care provider.

If the casualty is conscious, things to be done before first aid 

Doing a secondary survey before determining the kind of treatment that the patient will get.

This includes:

  • taking AMPLE history: Allergies; Medications currently used; Past illnesses/Pregnancy; Last meal; Environment related to injury/Events
  • Doing a system-by-system physical exam or a head-to-toe assessment.
  • Additional tests such as X-rays, Computerized Tomography Scan; Magnetic Resonance Imaging

Things to do to make the casualty comfortable

  • Stabilizing the fracture site, reducing mobility
  • Placing the patient in a recovery position
  • Administer analgesics in order to reduce pain.
  • IV fluids to rehydrate the patient and replace any blood loss.

Examples of first Aid equipment that may be used

  • Sterile Gauze Pads -absorbs blood and protects the wound from infection.
  • Gauze Roll - protects the gauze pad and wound from infection.
  • Non-Latex Gloves - for the one administering first aid.
  •  Elastic Bandage - secure a dressing and protect injured areas.
  • Triangular Bandage - can be used as a tourniquet or sling. Can be used in splinting.
  • Adhesive Tape - a medical tape that holds splinting material and gauze dressings in place.
  • Large Pressure Bandage - to stop bleeding.
  • Antiseptic Wipes - to clean wounds.
  • Band-Aids - type of a bandage
  • Cold Packs - help control swelling. Useful in fractures and sprains. 
  • First Aid Book - manual to administer first aid
  • Scissors - Used to cut gauzes and clothes when providing first aid. Helps in accessing the injured area
  • Thermometer -to measure body temperature
  • Penlight - look at the eyes and throat.
  • Tweezers - Remove splinters from beneath the skin.
  • Triple Antibiotic Ointment - Ointment used to help the wound site from being infected.
  • Eye Pads - protect an injured eye and absorb drainage.
  • Eye Wash - rinse the eye off any foreign material.
  • CPR Shield - protects both provider and casualty from bodily fluids during CPR.
  • Tongue Depressors - Used for splinting or even applying ointments.
  • Aspirin, Tylenol or Motrin - used as painkillers and analgesics
  • Antihistamine Tablet - Used for in allergic reactions 
  • Sting Swabs - provide relief from insect sting

Secondary observation

This is a method of assessment where a responsive casualty is examined to check for any other illnesses or injuries that could or could not be as a result of the primary injury. This is usually done through history taking, a thorough head to toe assessment and taking vital signs.

 

I hope that this helps. Thank you and I wish you all the best