questions from the first aid

questions from the first aid

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6. How can you protect yourself from infection or injury? 7. What is the easiest way to check if the casualty is responsive? 8. a. How can you check if the casualties' airway is clear? b. What can you do if the airway is obstructed? 9. How are you able to check if the casualty is breathing? 10. When checking for an open airway, what should you do if you believe the casualty has a neck or back injury?

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6. one way to protect myself from an infection is blocking pathogens from entering into wound or blemishes.

Getting vaccinated also is another way of protecting myself from infections.

Wearing protective clothes protects us from injury in a working setting.

7. if the casualty opens their eyes they are known to be responsive. If they do not respond to any gesture or fail to open their eyes they are unresponsive and need treatment as soon as possible.

8.a) placing hand on the casualty's forehead and slightly incline their head back, lift the tip of the chin using 2 fingers. This process aids at moving the tongue away from the back of the throat, hence clearing the airway.

b) give up to five blows if the casualty is conscious. Giving the back blows between the patients shoulder blades also is helpful. If this is not successful give up to around 5 chest thrusts

9. look if the chest is falling and rising

Listening breathing sounds through their mouth and nose

Feeling their breath for around 10 seconds against your cheek

10. if you believe the person may be having a spine injury, put your hands on either sides around their head and gently lift the angle of the jaw forwards and upwards using fingertips, without moving the head. Make sure you do not move the casualty's neck


Neumayer, Eric. The pattern of aid giving: the impact of good governance on development assistance. Vol. 34. Routledge, 2003.






Other answer

6.Infections may be avoided by tactics such as washing the hands frequently, avoiding direct contact with sick people or using surgical mask and gloves when taking care of them, cleaning often touched surfaces, avoiding polluted food and water, obtaining vaccines, and taking necessary medicines.

7.The easiest way to check for response is by shouting at the casualty or gently shaking their shoulders.

8.A)By putting one hand on the forehead and two fingers under the jaw, they will do this by softly tilting their head backwards. The mouth will fall open slightly when one does this to create an opening for inspection.

B)One may give back blows between the patient's shoulder blades to a responsive patient, whether an adult or infant, standing or sitting and leaning forward, and using the heel of one hand. For a non responsive patient one may carefully remove any visible object using fingers or begin Cardiopulmonary resuscitation in an effort to manually preserve intact brain function by performing chest compressions often with artificial ventilation until further steps are taken to restore spontaneous blood circulation and breathing as one calls an ambulance.

9)To check if a person is still breathing:

  1. Observe  if their chest is rising and falling.
  2. Carefully listen over their mouth and nose for breathing sounds.
  3. feel their breath against your cheek for 10 seconds.

10)First ambulance call. Hold the person still. On both sides of the body, put thick towels or rolled sheets or hold the head and neck to prevent movement. Stop shifting your neck or back. Provide as much first aid as possible without changing the head or neck of the person. Start CPR, but do not tilt the head or back if the person shows no signs of circulation, breathing, coughing or movement. To gently grip the jaw, use your fingers to raise it up. If there is no pulse in the person, begin chest compressions.
Just keep your helmet on. Don't remove it if the person is wearing a helmet. If you need to access he airway, a football helmet facemask should be removed.  If the patient is chocking on blood or vomit perform a roll over with the assistance of another person while still ensuring the neck and back are aligned to avoid further injury.

Step-by-step explanation


Haveland, S. (2019). First Aid. Learning to Care E-Book: The Nurse Associate, 207.

Jensen, T. W., Møller, T. P., Viereck, S., Roland, J., Pedersen, T. E., & Lippert, F. K. (2018). Danish first aid books compliance with the new evidence-based non-resuscitative first aid guidelines. Scandinavian journal of trauma, resuscitation and emergency medicine, 26(1), 1-8.