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  Question 2 (Matching): Match each of the following terms with...

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  Question 2 (Matching): Match each of the following terms with...


 

Question 2 (Matching): Match each of the following terms with the correct description below.

 

1. Cardiac output 

2. 2.2  

3. Adventitia 

4. Na

5. Angiogenesis 

6. Nitric oxide (NO) 

7. ESPVR

8. Dystrophin 

9. Myosin light chain phosphatase 

10. Pericytes 

11. 21 

12. Ca2+ 

13. 30-65 

14. Protein kinase G (PKG) 

15. Superoxide anions 

16. Phospholamban 

17. Lusitropy 

18. Inotropy 

19. Chronotropy 

 

a. Smooth muscle-like cells that form a discontinuous layer surrounding the capillary endothelium.

b. Outermost layer of arteries and arterioles that contains fibroblasts, mast cells and nerve terminals. 

c. Potent vasodilator substance produced by endothelial cells and nitrergic nerves. 

d. Describes the rate of myocardial relaxation

e. Endogenous substance produced by endothelial or smooth muscle cells that promotes vasoconstriction.  

f. Enzyme that promotes relaxation of vascular smooth muscle cells.

g. Enzyme that is activated downstream of guanylyl cyclase that causes vasorelaxation. 

h. Describes the rate of myocardial contraction

i. Endothelial cell proliferation resulting in the growth of new blood vessels in response to hypoxemia. 

j. The average diameter (in microns) of a cardiac ventricular myocyte.

k. Describes the contractile force generated by the myocardium at a given preload 

L. The average length (in microns) of the sarcomere. 

m. The average number of sarcomeres along the length of a single cardiac ventricular myofibril.

n. A cytoskeletal protein that tethers the sarcomere to the cell membrane at adherens junctions. 

o. A sarcoplasmic reticulum protein that, when phosphorylated by PKA, accelerates cardiac myocyte relaxation. 

p. Stroke volume times heart rate. 

q. Moves to the left of the normal line as myocardial contractility increases.

r. A rise in cytosolic concentration triggers contraction. 

s. A rise in cytosolic concentration reduces Ca2+ efflux from the cytoplasm to the extracellular space.

 

Answer & Explanation

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Answered by bayaoarachel on coursehero.com

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Step-by-step explanation

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  • sectetur adipiscing elit. Nam lacinia pulvinar tortor nec facilisis. Pellentesque dapibus efficitur laoreet. Nam risus ante, dapibus
  • sectetur adipiscing elit. Nam lacinia pulvinar tortor nec facilisis. Pellentesque dapibus efficitur laoreet. Nam risus ante, dapibus
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