8. The "old" simply did (does) not understand modern complexity. Their simple prescriptions do not and cannot apply to today.
a. nominalist metaphysics c. realist metaphysics
b. nominalist epistemology d. nominalist ethics, politics
9. The "new" prioritizes the individual re. privacy and civil rights against discrimination of the oppressed and excluded.
a. nominalist ethics, politics c. nominalist epistemology
b. nominalist metaphysics, ethics d. realist ethics, politics
10. The "old" recognized and rejected "sham" public health when it was a cover for discrimination. The only excuse for violating individual rights was the existential threat of epidemic.
a. realist epistemology, ethics, politics c. nominalist metaphysics, politics
b. nominalist epistemology d. nominalist ethics, realist politics
11. The "old" was guilty of eugenics and "morals" regulations. The "new" rejects these normative judgments in favor of privacy and civil rights against discrimination.
a. nominalist metaphysics c. nominalist ethics, politics
b. realist ethics, politics d. realist epistemology, economics
12. No one denies past errors of eugenics and morals discrimination. Today's advocates see those as "errors of an entire era," not of a particular ideology. They advocate a better outworking of ideals, not a return to errors.
a. nominalist metaphysics c. nominalist ethics
b. realist metaphysics, ethics, politics d. nominalist politics