Question

Forests exhibit a range of property rights regimes that: A: Differ...

Forests exhibit a range of property rights regimes that:

A: Differ from country to another; as an example, most of forests in the US are owed by federal, state and local governments

B: Are important for the efficient management of forest resources

C: Affect deforestation rates that are important for forest protection in the Amazon

D: B and C are correct

Answer & Explanation
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B: Are important for the efficient management of forest resources.

Step-by-step explanation

Natural resource property rights are an important policy tool for promoting sustainable resource use and conservation. The relative efficiency of various property rights regimes in achieving these aims is still a point of contention. Although a substantial, diversified, and fast-rising body of research analyzes the relationships between property rights regimes and environmental outcomes, no theoretical or policy findings have been articulated within individual resource systems, much alone across resource systems. Property rights have an impact on how natural resources are distributed and managed among individuals, communities, and institutions. With growing populations, all property rights regimes can become unproductive and inefficient, but common areas are especially vulnerable to wasteful resource usage and conflict. The absence of management rights, uncertainty regarding future leasing arrangements, and climate change consequences all troubled respondents.

 

references,

  • De Royer, S., Van Noordwijk, M., & Roshetko, J. M. (2018). Does community-based forest management in Indonesia devolve social justice or social costs?. International Forestry Review, 20(2), 167-180.
  • de Jong, W., van der Zon, M., Urushima, A. F., Youn, Y. C., Liu, J., & Li, N. (2018). Tenure, property rights and forest landscape restoration. In Forest landscape restoration (pp. 158-175). Routledge.