Question

Please help me by explaining it briefly but substantial 

answer to each of the following questions.

1.   How does the government provide assistance to private schools based on RA 6728?

2.   What are the forms of assistance to students in private education as stated in RA 8545?

3.   What are the legal penalties of RA 7877?

4.   Cite some advantages and disadvantages of RA 8190. Will this Republic Act entice more applicants to become public school teachers? Why?

5.   What are the acts of violence which are covered under RA 9262?

6.   What are the rights of women guaranteed under the Magna Carta of Women?

7.   What are the punishable acts in RA 8491?

8.   What is institutionalization of kindergarten? Why is it important to use the mother tongue as medium of instruction in kindergarten? Can learners be admitted to Grade 1 without passing kindergarten?

9.   How does RA 10533 Enhanced Basic Education Act of 2013 develop learner? What is mother tongue according to the RA 10533?

10.   What is the intention of RA 10931? Who are eligible to avail of the free tertiary education?

Answer & Explanation
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1.   How does the government provide assistance to private schools based on RA 6728?

RA 6728 provides financial assistance to students who can't afford the education offered in private schools. They provide students with tuition vouchers, scholarship grants, textbook allowance, and many more. This is one of their answers to provide quality education for every Filipino student. In addition, private schools are also provided with College Faculty Development Fund which provides monetary aid for institutions to better their services and facilities. 

2.   What are the forms of assistance to students in private education as stated in RA 8545?

RA 8545 is an act amending RA 6728 (which is discussed in #1). RA 8545 is also known as the Expanded Government Assistance to Students and Teachers in Private Education Act. The forms of assistance provided by this act for the students are:

  1. Tuition fee supplements for students in private high schools, including students in vocational and technical courses;
  2. High School Textbook Assistance Fund
  3. Expansion of the existing Educational Service Contracting (ESC) Scheme;
  4. The voucher system of the Private Education Student Financial Assistance Program (PESFA);
  5. Scholarship grants to students graduating as valedictorians and salutatorians from secondary schools;
  6. Tuition fee supplements to students in private colleges and universities; and
  7. Education Loan Fund.

3.   What are the legal penalties of RA 7877?

RA 7877 is also known as the Anti-Sexual Harassment Act of 1995. Any violators of this act will be imprisoned for not less than one month and not more than six months, or will pay the fine of not less than ten thousand pesos and not more than twenty thousand pesos. 

4.   Cite some advantages and disadvantages of RA 8190. Will this Republic Act entice more applicants to become public school teachers? Why?

One of the advantages of RA 8190 is that more locals will be enticed to apply in public schools knowing that they are a priority. Another is that these teachers already know the language and culture of the place, making it easier to connect to the students. Lastly, this RA 8190 will make factors such as transportation more convenient for teachers since their workplace is just near where they live. A disadvantage of this RA would be that more qualified teachers who deserve the job more would be unfairly rejected because they are not from the location of the school. Overall, this act would definitely entice more applicants to become public school teachers especially if there is a good school near where they live. This enticement is mainly because of their priority status, which provides security that they will most likely get the job.

5.   What are the acts of violence which are covered under RA 9262?

RA 9262 is also known as the "Anti-Violence Against Women and Their Children Act of 2004." The acts of violence covered under this are the following:

  • Physical violence - bodily or physical harm
  • Sexual violence - rape, threatening women or children to forced sexual activity, prostitution
  • Psychological violence - acts causing mental or emotional suffering
  • Economic abuse - acts that make women financially dependent

6.   What are the rights of women guaranteed under the Magna Carta of Women?

Magna Carta of Women also known as RA 9710 seeks to eliminate discrimination against women in all aspects of our society. The rights of women guaranteed under this act are the following:

  • Increasing the number of women in third level positions in government to achieve a fifty-fifty (50-50) gender balance within the next five years while the composition of women in all levels of development planning and program implementation will be at least 40 percent;
  • Leave benefits of two (2) months with full pay based on gross monthly compensation for women employees who undergo surgery caused by gynecological disorders, provided that they have rendered continuous aggregate employment service of at least six (6) months for the last twelve (12) months;
  • Non-discrimination in employment in the field of military, police and other similar services that include according the same promotional privileges and opportunities as their men counterpart, including pay increases, additional benefits, and awards, based on competency and quality of performance.
  • Provision for equal access and elimination of discrimination in education, scholarships, and training. Thus, "expulsion, non-readmission, prohibiting enrollment, and other related discrimination of women students and faculty due to pregnancy out of marriage shall be outlawed.
  • Non-discriminatory and non-derogatory portrayal of women in media and film to raise the consciousness of the general public in recognizing the dignity of women and the role and contribution of women in family, community, and the society through the strategic use of mass media;
  • Equal status given to men and women on the titling of the land and issuance of stewardship contracts and patents.

7.   What are the punishable acts in RA 8491?

RA 8491 is also known as the Flag and Heraldic Code of the Philippines. The punishable acts in this law are the following:

  • To mutilate, deface, defile, trample, on or cast contempt any act or omission casting dishonor or ridicule upon the flag over its surface;
  • To dip the flag to any person or object by way of compliment or salute;
  • To use the flag:
    • As a drapery, festoon, tablecloth
    • As covering for ceilings, walls, statues or other objects;
    • As a pennant in the hood, side, back and top of motor vehicles;
    • As a staff or whip;
    • For unveiling monuments or statues; and
    • As trademarks or for industrial, commercial or agricultural labels or designs.
  • Display the flag:
    • Under any painting or picture;
    • Horizontally face-up. It shall always be hoisted aloft and be allowed to fall freely;
    • Below any platform; or
    • In discotheques, cockpits, night and day clubs, casinos, gambling joints and places of vice or where frivolity prevails.
  • To wear the flag in whole or in part as a costume or uniform;
  • To add any word, figure, mark, picture, design, drawings, advertisements, or imprint of any nature on the flag;
  • To print, paint or attach representation of the flag on handkerchiefs, napkins, cushions, and other articles of merchandise;
  • To display in public any foreign flag, except in embassies and other diplomatic establishments, and in offices of international organizations.
  • To use, display or be part of any advertisement of infomercial; and
  • To display the flag in front of buildings or offices occupied by aliens.

8.   What is institutionalization of kindergarten? Why is it important to use the mother tongue as medium of instruction in kindergarten? Can learners be admitted to Grade 1 without passing kindergarten?

RA 10157 or the  Kindergarten Education Act of 2012 states that it shall be policy to provide equal opportunities to all children to avail accessible, quality, and mandatory kindergarten education. This act institutionalized kindergarten into the basic education system of the Philippines. Since it is mandatory, learners CAN NOT be admitted to grade 1 without passing kindergarten. Lastly, it is important to use the mother tongue as a medium of instruction in kindergarten because the mother tongue is commonly used in households. By using the mother tongue, kindergarten students are provided with an easier transition from their home to the school environment. It is also important to promote the use of the mother tongue to enrich the culture of our regions and our country in general.

9.   How does RA 10533 Enhanced Basic Education Act of 2013 develop learner? What is mother tongue according to the RA 10533?

RA 10533 develops a learner by providing every student with a quality education that is at par with international standards. It broadens the goals of its students in order to be prepared for college. It gives its students opportunity in fields such as vocational and technical career opportunities, creative arts, sports and entrepreneurial employment, etc. Making these students competent in a globalized environment. Lastly, it makes education learner-oriented and responsive to the needs, cognitive and cultural capacity, circumstances, and diversity of learners, schools, and communities through the appropriate languages of teaching and learning, including mother tongue as a learning resource. According to RA 10533, mother tongue is the language spoken by these students during their childhood.

10.   What is the intention of RA 10931? Who are eligible to avail of the free tertiary education?

RA 10931 or also known as the Universal Access to Quality Tertiary Education Act aims to provide universal access to tertiary (college) education to all Filipinos by providing for free tuition and other school fees in state universities and colleges, local universities, and colleges, and other state-run learning institutions. The people eligible to avail of free tertiary education are all Filipino students who are either currently enrolled at the time of the effectivity of the Act, or shall enroll at any time thereafter, in courses in pursuance of a bachelor's degree, certificate degree, o any comparable undergraduate degree. Provided that they passed the admission tests and requirements of the institutions.

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