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Question 16 1 pts Who was the first Hispanic Attorney General to serve the United States? O All of the options O Sonia Sotomayor O Alberto Gonzalez O Michael Olivas D Question 17 1 pts The judge's only role, during a trial, is to hear objections from the prosecutor and defense attorney. O True O False D Question 18 1 pts Which of the following is true of the U.S. Supreme Court justice's? O All of the options O Justice's do not have much discretionary decisions making powers. They can only serve 1 year. O They have a lifetime appointment.

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Answer & Explanation
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Question 16. Alberto Gonzales

 

Despite concerns over his record on torture, Alberto Gonzales is confirmed by the Senate as the nation's first Hispanic attorney general on February 3, 2005.

 

On a nearly party-line vote of 60-36, the Senate accepted his nomination, reflecting a divide between Republicans and Democrats about whether the administration's counter terrorism strategies had resulted in the torture of prisoners in Iraq and elsewhere. In a brief ceremony in the Roosevelt Room of the White House shortly after the Senate vote, Vice President Dick Cheney swore in Gonzales as Attorney General. While on the road, President Bush called to congratulate him.

 

Question 17. False

 

The role of a judge in a criminal trial if there isn't a jury

If the judge alone presides over a criminal trial without a jury's presence, he or she makes the ultimate decision in the case.

This includes:

1.Presiding over the proceedings: Throughout the criminal trial, the judge is responsible for maintaining order in the court, which includes the parties, witnesses, lawyers, and those in the audience.

2.Determining admissibility of evidence: The court will examine evidence to determine if it can be considered.

3.Determine the facts and make a decision: After all of the evidence has been submitted, the judge will consider the facts and make a decision. In judging whether the defendant is guilty or innocent, the judge has the final say.

4.Convict criminal defendants: If the defendant is found guilty, the judge will impose a fair punishment, such as jail time, monetary restitution, probation, or other measures.

 

The role of a judge in a criminal trial if there is a jury

 

When a jury is present for a case, the judge will take a more limited, though still crucial role in the case. 

A judge's duties include

 

1.Decide on objections: When either party raises an objection, the judge will decide whether or not the evidence should be heard. The jury can consider the evidence if it is admitted, but it will not be allowed if it is not.

 

2.Review the jury's decision: The judge has the right to review the jury's judgment, albeit this isn't always the case. However, if the jury's decision is supported by facts, it will be upheld.

 

Step-by-step explanation

Question 18.  Justices do not have much discretionary decisions making powers. 

 

The Constitution states that Justices "shall hold their Offices during good Behavior." This means that the Justices hold office as long as they choose and can only be removed from office by impeachment.