Question

Instrumental Marxism suggests that the state is a tool used to...

Instrumental Marxism suggests that the state is a tool used to protect the interest of the capitalists.

Group of answer choices


True


False


According to critical theories, those who control the resources in a society determine what behaviors are defined as crime.

Group of answer choices



True


False

Answer & Explanation
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Instrumental Marxism suggests that the state is a tool used to protect the interest of the capitalists.


True

 

According to critical theories, those who control the resources in a society determine what behaviors are defined as crime.


True

Step-by-step explanation

Instrumental Marxism suggests that a state is a tool used to protect the interest of the capitalists.

True

Instrumental Marxism asserts that policymakers in government and positions of power "share a common business or class background and that their decisions will reflect their business or class interests."

It sees the state's role as more personal than impersonal, with acts of nepotism and favouritism common among those in power, and as a result, the shared backgrounds of the economic elite and the state elite are not diluted. According to the theory, because of the high concentration of wealth within the state, state actors seek to secure and increase their wealth by enacting policies that benefit the economically superior class.

 

 

According to critical theories, those who control the resources in a society determine what behaviors are defined as a crime.

True


Critical theories also attempt to explain disparities in crime rates between groups in terms of the larger social context; some focus on class differences, while others on gender differences, and still others on societal inequalities in crime. There are several variations of critical theory, but they all explain crime in terms of power inequalities between groups. Example the Marxist theories argue that those that own means of production (e.g., factories, businesses) have the most influence and control power.  This group (the capitalist class) —uses its power for its own advantage. Capitalists create and pass laws that favour them and criminalize and the "street" crimes of lower-class person conditions. 
 

Reference

Evgeny, B. P., & Milovanovic, D. (2017). The General Theory of Law & Marxism. Routledge.

https://academic.oup.com/socpro/article-pdf/33/6/s58/4565163/socpro33-0s58.pdf