Alfred Bandura believed that much of our learning, and consequently many aspects of behavior and personality, takes place through observing the behavior of others and using observational behavior for modeling. According to Bandura, learning involves not only connections between stimuli and responses but also cognitive representation and rearrangement. A child, for example, who sees that cheating leads to punishment and honesty to rewards (cognitive representation) decides to model honest behavior (rearrangement). He used the term self‐efficacy to describe a person's belief in his or her capability of successfully executing a specific behavior. A strong sense of self‐efficacy allows a person to feel free to select, try, and complete behaviors leading to desired outcomes. Self‐efficacy is based upon feelings of self‐worth; people with high levels of self‐efficacy are more likely to attribute success to themselves rather than to chance or to others and to continue to select and control circumstances of their‐lives.