Cognitive psychology is devoted to the study of mental processes used in cognition (thinking, remembering, and using language), which involves processing, understanding, and communicating information through the use of images, concepts, language, and problem solving.

Images, mental, nonverbal representations of sensory experiences, affect our thinking and learning, particularly when dealing with physical skills and certain nonverbal material such as mathematical formulas. For example, the image we hold of a champion's superb golf stokes may govern our own attempts to develop similar skills.