**Example 1:** Find the limit of the sequence:

Because the value of each fraction gets slightly larger for each term, while the numerator is always one less than the denominator, the fraction values will get closer and closer to 1; hence, the limit of the sequence is 1.

**Example 2:** Evaluate

When *x* is replaced by 2, 3 *x* approaches 6, and 3 *x* − 1 approaches 5; hence,

**Example 3:** Evaluate

Substituting −3 for *x* yields 0/0, which is meaningless. Factoring first and simplifying, you find that

The graph of (x ^{2} − 9)/(x + 3) would be the same as the graph of the linear function *y* = *x* − 3 with the single point (−3,−6) removed from the graph (see Figure 1).

**Figure 1 **The graph of *y* = ( *x* ^{2} − 9)/( *x* + 3).

**Example 4:** Evaluate

Substituting 3 for *x* yields 0/0, which is meaningless. Simplifying the compound fraction, you find that

**Example 5:** Evaluate

Substituting 0 for *x* yields 0/5 = 0; hence,

**Example 6:** Evaluate

Substituting 0 for *x* yields 5/0, which is meaningless; hence,