The derivative of a function at a point is the slope of the tangent line at this point. The **normal line** is defined as the line that is perpendicular to the tangent line at the point of tangency. Because the slopes of perpendicular lines (neither of which is vertical) are negative reciprocals of one another, the slope of the normal line to the graph of *f(x)* is −1/ *f′(x)*.

**Example 1:** Find the equation of the tangent line to the graph of

At the point (−1,2), *f*′(−1)=−½ and the equation of the line is

**Example 2:** Find the equation of the normal line to the graph of

From Example 1, you find that *f*′(−1)=−½ and the slope of the normal line is −1/ *f*′(−1) = 2; hence, the equation of the normal line at the point (−1,2) is