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king with a large jaw and a queen with a fair face on the throne of France King Louis XVI and Queen Marie Antoinette.

king with a large jaw and a queen with a plain face on the throne of England King George III and Queen Charlotte Sophia.

La Force a prison in Paris.

laudanum a solution of opium in alcohol or wine used as a painkiller or sleeping aid, or drunk as an intoxicant.

lee-dyed soaked with the dregs of the wine.

letter de cachet a document containing a royal warrant for the imprisonment without trial of a specified person.

linen things made of linen; in this case, shirts.

litter a stretcher for carrying the sick or wounded.

Loadstone Rock a rock containing loadstone (or lodestone), a naturally magnetic mineral.

lower regions the area of a house where servants often resided and where one could find the kitchen.

mail "short for "mail coach,"a coach that carried mail and passengers.

merry Stuart who sold it Charles II.

Mrs. Southcott Joanna Southcott (1750-1814), an English religious visionary.

musket a smoothbore, long-barreled firearm, used especially by infantry soldiers before the invention of the rifle.

Newgate a London prison notorious for its inhumane conditions.

Notre-Dame "Our Lady": a famous, early Gothic cathedral in Paris; the full name is Notre-Dame de Paris.

Old Bailey London's historic main criminal court on Old Bailey Street.

One hundred and five, North Tower Doctor Manette's designation in the Bastille.

packet a boat that travels a regular route, as along a coast or river, carrying passengers, mail, and freight.

Palace of the Tuileries where the French king and queen lived in Paris.

pallet bed a small bed or pad filled as with straw and used directly on the floor

pecuniary of or involving money.

personal board a person's daily meals.

perspective-glass any device that aids a person's vision, like opera glasses.

pier glass a tall mirror set on a pier, or wall section, between two windows.

pikes weapons formerly used by foot soldiers, consisting of a metal spearhead a long wooden shaft.

pillory a device consisting of a wooden board with holes for the head and hands, in which petty offenders were formerly locked and exposed to public scorn; the stocks.

piscatory flavor a fishy flavor.

plate tableware, often made of silver or covered with a layer of silver (plated).

prevaricate to lie or to avoid telling the whole truth.

Prison of the Abbaye a prison in Paris that held many aristocrats during the French Revolution.

the privilege of filling up blank forms members of the French aristocracy could issue warrants for the indefinite imprisonment of their enemies without a trial.

provender food.

public house a tavern or an inn that provided food and drink.

purloiner a thief.

quay a landing place along the bank of a river.

Ranelagh a competitor of Vauxhall Gardens, open from 1742 to 1803 and famous for its masquerades.

reckoning the bill.

resurrection man a man who digs up corpses to sell to surgeons or medical schools for study.

The rider's horse was blown The horse was out of breath.

robing room the room where judges and lawyers put on their official robes.

run of confidence a large number of customers withdrawing their money from a bank.

sacristan a person responsible for the ceremonial equipment in a church.

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