Study Help Full Glossary for Pride and Prejudice


abatement a lessening or reduction.

abhorrence an abhorring; loathing; detestation.

abhorrent causing disgust or hatred; detestable.

ablution a washing of the body.

abominate to feel hatred and disgust for; loathe.

acceded gave assent; gave in; agreed.

acquiesce to agree or consent quietly without protest, but without enthusiasm.

acquiescence agreement or consent without protest.

acquit to clear (a person) of a charge, as by declaring him or her not guilty.

acrimony bitterness or harshness of temper, manner, or speech; asperity.

actuated put into action or motion.

acute keen or quick of mind; shrewd.

adieu goodbye; farewell.

adorned decorated; ornamented.

affability the quality of being pleasant and easy to approach or talk to.

affable gentle and kindly.

affinity similarity of structure.

afforded to give; furnish.

affront an open or intentional insult; slight to one's dignity.

affronted insulted openly or purposely; offended; slighted.

alacrity eager willingness or readiness.

allayed put to rest; quieted; calmed. Said of fears or anxieties.

amiable having a pleasant and friendly disposition; good-natured.

anecdote a short, entertaining account of some happening, usually personal or biographical.

annexed joined; connected.

antechamber a smaller room leading into a larger or main room.

apothecary [Old-fashioned] a pharmacist or druggist: apothecaries formerly also prescribed drugs.

apprehending taking hold of mentally; perceiving; understanding.

approbation official approval, sanction, or commendation.

archly in an arch manner; pertly and mischievously.

ardent warm or intense in feeling; passionate.

arrear an unpaid and overdue debt; usually in the plural.

aspect the appearance of a thing as seen from a specific point; view.

asperity harshness or sharpness of temper.

assemblies people gathered together for entertainment.

assiduous diligent; persevering.

at five o'clock the two ladies retired to dress It was the custom to change into more formal clothes for dinner.

attendant accompanying as a circumstance or result.

augmented made greater, as in size, quantity, or strength.

austerity a severe or stern look or manner; forbidding quality.

avarice too great a desire to have wealth; cupidity.

avowal open acknowledgment or declaration.

aweful inspiring awe; highly impressive.

barouche box the driver's seat in a barouche, a four-wheeled carriage with a collapsible hood and two seats opposite each other.

borne put up with; tolerated.

Boulanger a type of dance.

breeding good upbringing or training.

brevity the quality of being concise; terseness.

brooking putting up with; enduring: usually in the negative.

brought her into public at an early age introduced her formally into society at an early age. Lydia has had her "coming out" early.

business of love-making the wooing, or trying to get the love of, a woman.

candour the quality of being fair and unprejudiced; impartiality.

canvassed examined or discussed in detail; looked over carefully.

canvassed examined or discussed in detail; looked over carefully.

capers playful jumps or leaps.

cassino a card game for two to four players in which the object is to use cards in the hand to take cards or combinations of cards exposed on the table.

celerity swiftness in acting or moving; speed.

cessation a ceasing, or stopping, either forever or for some time.

chaise and four a lightweight carriagedrawn by four horses.

chambermaid a woman whose work is taking care of bedrooms.

charged given instructions or commanded authoritatively.

Cheapside street and district of London; in the Middle Ages it was a marketplace.

chimney-piece [Obsolete] a decoration over a fireplace.

circulating library a library which loans books for use elsewhere, sometimes for a daily fee.

circumspect careful to consider all related circumstances before acting, judging, or deciding; cautious.

circumspection cautiousness; carefulness.

cogent forceful and to the point, as a reason or argument; convincing.

come upon the town become a prostitute.

coming out the formal introduction of a young woman into society.

Commerce a card game which was a predecessor of poker.

commission an official certificate conferring rank.

commission of the peace for the county a magistrate with jurisdiction over a small district, authorized to decide minor cases, commit persons to trial in a higher court, perform marriages, and so on.

complacency quiet satisfaction; contentment.

complaisance willingness to please; disposition to be obliging and agreeable; affability.

comprise to include; contain.

conciliatory tending to conciliate or reconcile (to win over; soothe the anger of; make friendly; placate).

concurrence agreement; accord.

condescension the act of condescending, or descending voluntarily to the level, regarded as lower, of the person one is dealing with; being graciously willing to do something regarded as beneath one's dignity.

confederacy people united for some common purpose.

conjecture an inference, theory, or prediction based on guesswork.

connivance passive cooperation, as by consent or pretended ignorance, especially in wrongdoing.

connubial of marriage or the state of being married; conjugal.

consigned put in the care of another; entrusted.

construction an explanation or interpretation.

coppice-wood a thicket of small trees or shrubs.

copse a thicket of small trees or shrubs; coppice.

coquetry the behavior or act of a coquette; flirting.

cordiality cordial quality; warm, friendly feeling.

corps a tactical subdivision of an army.

countenance calm control; composure.

courtier an attendant at a royal court.

covies small flocks or broods of birds.

crossed countered; thwarted; opposed.

curricle a light, two-wheeled carriage drawn by two horses side by side.

decorum propriety and good taste in behavior.

denoted was a sign of; indicated.

depravity a depraved condition; corruption; wickedness.

devoid completely without; empty or destitute (of).

diffidence lack of confidence in oneself.

dilatory inclined to delay; slow or late in doing things.

diminution a diminishing or being diminished; lessening; decrease.

direction address.

disapprobation disapproval.

disapprobation disapproval.

Discharging getting rid of; acquitting oneself of; paying (a debt) or performing (a duty).

discourses long and formal treatments of a subject or subjects, in speech or writing; lectures; treatises; dissertations.

discrimination perception.

dispirited having lowered spirits; saddened or discouraged.

dissemble to conceal the truth or one's true feelings or motives.

distracted insane; crazy.

diversion distraction of attention.

draughts medicine.

duped deceived by trickery; fooled or cheated.

efficacy power to produce effects or intended results; effectiveness.

effusions unrestrained or emotional expression.

embargo any restriction or restraint.

Encroaching trespassing or intruding, especially in a gradual or sneaking way.

engage to occupy or involve oneself.

entailed to limit the inheritance of property to a specific line or class of heirs.

enumerating naming one-by-one; specifying, as in a list.

enumeration the process of naming one by one, or specifying, as in a list.

environs surrounding area; vicinity.

epithet an adjective, noun, or phrase, often specif. a disparaging one, used to characterize some person or thing.

equipage a carriage, especially one with horses and liveried servants.

ere before.

exigence a situation calling for immediate action or attention.

expedient useful for effecting a desired result; suited to the circumstances or the occasion; advantageous; convenient.

expeditiously done with or characterized by expedition, or efficiency; prompt.

expostulation the act of reasoning with a person earnestly, objecting to that person's actions or intentions; remonstration.

Extenuating lessening the seriousness of (an offense) by giving excuses or serving as an excuse.

faculties [Obsolete] powers to do; abilities to perform an action.

felicitations congratulations.

felicity happiness; bliss.

fender a low screen or frame in front of a fireplace to keep the hot coals in.

filial of, suitable to, or due from a son or daughter.

first of September the beginning of bird-hunting season.

fish betting chips in a game.

fixed firmly placed or attached; not movable.

flog to beat with a strap, stick, or whip, especially as punishment.

folio a large size of book, about twelve by fifteen inches.

fortnight [Chiefly British] a period of two weeks.

foundation the fundamental principle on which something is founded; basis.

frankness the quality of being open and honest in expressing what one thinks or feels; straightforwardness.

frisks lively, playful movements; frolics; gambols.

gaily in a gay manner; happily; merrily; joyously.

gallantry the courtly manner of one who is stylish.

game of lottery tickets a card game.

glazing the work of a glazier in fitting windows with glass.

glen a narrow, secluded valley.

Gracechurch Street an unfashionable street.

gravity solemnity or sedateness of manner or character; earnestness.

Gretna Green a border village in Scotland, where, formerly, many eloping English couples went to be married.

grossest most glaring; most flagrant; very worst.

Grosvenor Street a street located in a fashionable part of London.

hack chaise a hired carriage.

hackneyed made trite by overuse.

hanging woods a thick growth of trees on the side of a hill.

Has she been presented? Has Miss De Bourgh been brought to be introduced formally to the Queen?

haunt a place often visited.

hauteur disdainful pride; haughtiness; snobbery.

he . . . blots the rest Bingley writes so quickly that the ink makes blots on the paper, blurring his words.

he was destined for his cousin The marriage of cousins was an acceptable way to keep wealth and estates within aristocratic families.

heedless not taking heed; careless; unmindful.

heinous outrageously evil or wicked; abominable.

her manner affected behaving in an artificial way to impress people; full of affectation.

hermitage a secluded retreat.

hither to or toward this place; here.

horses were post The horses were normally used by postal carriers but could also be rented out to people who did not want to use their own horses for a journey.

I shall send round my cards I will send out invitations.

ill badly; wrongly; improperly; imperfectly.

imitations of china paintings on china.

impolitic not politic; unwise; injudicious; inexpedient.

importune [Obsolete] to trouble; annoy.

imprudence lack of prudence; lack of thought of the consequences.

imprudent not prudent; without thought of the consequences; lacking in judgment or caution; rash; indiscreet.

impute to attribute (especially a fault or misconduct) to another.

imputed to attribute (especially a fault or misconduct) to another.

in lieu of in place of; instead of.

incensed made very angry.

incessantly never ceasing; continuing or being repeated without stopping or in a way that seems endless.

incumbent lying, resting, or pressing with its weight on something else.

incur to become subject to through one's own action; bring upon oneself.

indecorum lack of decorum; lack of propriety or good taste.

indelicacy the quality of being indelicate or lacking modesty.

industriously with earnest, steady effort; in a diligent manner.

infamous causing or deserving a bad reputation; scandalous.

infamy very bad reputation; notoriety; disgrace; dishonor.

iniquitous showing iniquity; wicked; unjust.

insolent boldly disrespectful in speech or behavior; impertinent; impudent.

intercourse communication or dealings between or among people, or countries; interchange of products, services, ideas, or feelings.

intimation a hint; indirect suggestion.

invectives a violent verbal attack; strong criticism.

irrevocably in a way that cannot be revoked, recalled, or undone; unalterably.

It will be impossible for us to visit him In Austen's day, the women of a family could not visit an unmarried gentleman without first gaining an introduction to him through a third party, preferably a male relation.

jilt to reject or cast off (a previously accepted lover).

knighthood the rank or status of a knight.

laconic brief or terse in speech or expression; using few words.

Lakes the Lake District in northern England.

larder a place where the food supplies of a household are kept; pantry.

laudable worthy of being lauded; praiseworthy; commendable.

liberality willingness to give or share freely; generosity.

liberty of the manor the privilege of hunting on the estate's surrounding land.

licentiousness the disregarding of accepted rules and standards.

livery an identifying uniform such as was formerly worn by feudal retainers or is now worn by servants or those in some particular group or trade.

living in England, a church benefice (an endowed church office providing a living for a vicar or rector).

living of Hunsford the endowed office provided for the vicar or rector in the town of Hunsford.

lobby a hall or large anteroom.

loo a card game that was played for money.

make their appearance at St. James St. James' Palace was where high-born young men and women were formally presented to the court, signaling their entrance into society.

mean ignoble; base; small-minded; petty.

mean low in quality, value, or importance.

meditate to plan or intend.

mercenary motivated by a desire for money or other gain; greedy.

Michaelmas the feast of the archangel Michael, September 29.

milliner a person who designs, makes, trims, or sells women's hats.

mince pies pies with a filling of mincemeat.

muslin a strong, often sheer cotton cloth of plain weave.

narrowly close; careful; minute; thorough.

nettled irritated; annoyed; vexed.

nonsensical unintelligible, foolish, silly, or absurd.

not doing its office not performing its function or characteristic action.

obeisance a gesture of respect or reverence, such as a bow or curtsy.

oblige to do a favor or service.

obsequiousness the showing of too great a willingness to serve or obey; a fawning.

obstinate unreasonably determined to have one's own way; stubborn.

obtruded to offer or force (oneself or one's opinions) upon others unasked or unwanted.

offered olive branch peace offering.

officious offering unnecessary and unwanted advice; meddlesome.

one thousand pounds in the 4 per cents Elizabeth's inheritance upon her mother's death will be 1,000 pounds, which will be invested in secure government bonds that generally yield four or five percent annually.

ordination being ordained (officially installed), as to the religious ministry.

ostentatious showy display, as of wealth or knowledge; pretentiousness.

own to admit; recognize; acknowledge.

paddock a small field or enclosure near a stable, in which horses are exercised.

pales narrow, upright, pointed stakes used in fences; pickets.

paling a strip of wood used in making a fence; a pale.

palliation alessening of the pain or severity of something without actually curing it; alleviation; easing.

panegyric a formal speech or piece of writing praising a person or event.

panegyric high or hyperbolic (exaggerated) praise; laudation.

parade to walk about ostentatiously; show off.

parasol a lightweight umbrella carried by women as a sunshade.

partake to take part (in an activity); participate.

patronage support, encouragement, or sponsorship, given by a patron.

pecuniary of or involving money.

peevish hard to please; irritable; fretful; cross.

penetration the act or power of discerning.

perturbation something that perturbs; disturbance.

perverse persisting in error or fault; stubbornly contrary.

petticoat a skirt, now especially an underskirt often trimmed at the hemline as with lace or ruffles, worn by women and girls.

petulance impatience or irritability, especially over a petty annoyance; peevishness.

phaeton a light, four-wheeled carriage of the nineteenth century, drawn by one or two horses, with front and back seats and, usually, a folding top for the front.

piano-forte piano.

pin-money [Archaic] an allowance of money given to a wife for small personal expenses.

piquet a card game for two persons, played with 32 cards.

plantation a large, cultivated planting of trees.

plate dishes or utensils of silver or gold, collectively.

playing high betting large amounts of money.

post [Chiefly British] mail.

post a position, job, or duty to which a person is assigned or appointed.

postilions persons who ride the left-hand horse of the leaders of a four-horse carriage.

postscript a note or paragraph added below the signature in a letter or at the end of a book or speech as an afterthought or to give supplementary information.

precipitance great haste; rashness.

prepossession the fact or condition of preoccupying (someone) beforehand, to the exclusion of later thoughts or feelings.

probity uprightness in one's dealings; integrity.

procured got or brought about by some effort; obtained; secured.

prodigious wonderful; amazing.

prodigiously in a way indicating great size, power, or extent; enormously; hugely.

prodigiously wonderfully or amazingly.

profligate immoral and shameless; dissolute.

prognostic a forecast; prediction.

propitious favorably inclined or disposed; gracious.

prospect the view obtained from any particular point; outlook.

prudence the ability to exercise sound judgment in practical matters.

purport intention; object.

quadrille a card game, popular in the eighteenth century, played by four persons.

querulous inclined to find fault; complaining.

quit to leave; depart from.

racked to trouble, torment, or afflict.

ragout a highly seasoned stew of meat and vegetables.

rapacity greed; voraciousness.

rectitude conduct according to moral principles; strict honesty.

reel a lively Scottish dance.

regimentals military uniform.

regulars the members of the standing army of a country.

rencontre a casual meeting, as with a friend.

repaired to her room went or betook herself to her room.

repine to feel or express unhappiness or discontent; complain; fret.

represented described as having a specified character or quality.

reproofs things said in reproving; rebukes.

retire to go aay, retrat, or withdraw.

review an examination or inspection as of troops on parade.

The room in which the ladies sat was backwards. The room was in the back of the house.

sagacity the quality or an instance of being sagacious; penetrating intelligence and sound judgment.

sallied forth rushed out or came out suddenly, like troops attacking besieging forces.

saloon any large room or hall designed for receptions or exhibitions.

sanction support; encouragement; approval.

sanctioned authorized or permitted.

sanguine cheerful and confident; optimistic; hopeful.

saucy rude; impudent.

Scotch air a Scottish song or tune.

scrape a disagreeable or embarrassing situation; predicament, especially when caused by one's own conduct.

secluded from the world gone into hiding because of a pregnancy out of wedlock.

se'night [Archaic] a week.

sentinel a person set to guard a group; specifically, a sentry.

shoe-roses shoe laces that are ribbons tied to look like a rose.

sideboard a piece of dining-room furniture for holding linen, silver, and china.

simpers smiles in a silly, affected, or self-conscious way.

situation a house, a place to live.

solaced lessened or allayed (grief or sorrow).

solicitude the state of being solicitous; care or concern.

solicitude the state of being solicitous; care or concern.

spars shiny, crystalline, nonmetallic mineral that chips or flakes.

special license a prestigious type of marriage license that was obtained from a bishop or archbishop.

sphere social stratum, place in society, or walk of life.

spleen [Archaic] melancholy; low spirits.

steward a person put in charge of the affairs of a large household or estate, whose duties include supervision of the kitchen and the servants and the management of household accounts.

stile a step or set of steps used in climbing over a fence or wall.

stratagems tricks or schemes for achieving some purpose.

subjoin to add (something) at the end of what has been stated.

suffered allowed; permitted; tolerated.

supplication a humble request, prayer, or petition.

tacit not expressed or declared openly, but implied or understood.

tax to impose a burden on; put a strain on.

temper frame of mind; disposition; mood.

terrific causing great fear or dismay; terrifying; dreadful; appalling.

tête-à-tête a private or intimate conversation between two people.

their brother's fortune and their own had been acquired by trade Here, the Bingleys' money has been earned by their father rather than inherited.

thither to or toward that place; there.

tidings news; information.

to develop to become known or apparent; be disclosed.

toilette the process of grooming and dressing oneself.

tractable easily managed, taught, or controlled; docile; compliant.

trade a means of earning one's living; one's occupation, work or line of business.

transient passing away with time; not permanent; temporary.

transport to carry away with emotion; enrapture; entrance.

transports strong emotion, especially of delight or joy; rapture.

trepidation fearful uncertainty, or anxiety; apprehension.

trimming a hat decorating or embellishing a hat, as by adding ornaments, contrasting materials, and so on.

tumult great emotional disturbance; agitation of mind.

twelvemonth [Chiefly British, archaic] one year.

tythes units that are one tenth of the annual produce of one's land or of one's annual income, paid as a tax or contribution to support a church or its clergy; any taxes or levies.

untinctured not colored or tinged with some substance or quality.

upbraided rebuked severely or bitterly; censured sharply.

vehemence intense feeling or strong passion; fervent or impassioned state or condition.

veneration a feeling of deep respect and reverence.

veracity habitual truthfulness; honesty.

very pleasing address pleasing conversational manner.

vestibule a small entrance hall or room.

vexatious characterized by or causing vexation; annoying or troublesome.

vice evil or wicked conduct or behavior; depravity or corruption.

Vingt-un a card game, similar to the American card game of twenty-one.

vivacity liveliness of spirit; animation.

vulgar of, characteristic of, belonging to, or common to the great mass of people in general; common.

vulgar relations Here, the Bingley sisters are making fun of Jane's relatives, who work for a living.

Warehouses [Chiefly British] wholesale stores, or, especially, formerly, large retail stores.

when am I to wish you joy? "I wish you joy" or "I wish you happy" was the way people in early nineteenth-century Britain congratulated someone on becoming engaged to be married.

When the ladies removed after dinner to go away. It was the custom for women and men to separate for a time after dinner. The men smoked cigars, drank, and discussed business or other subjects "unsuitable" for female ears, while the women talked and waited for the men to join them.

wonderful causing wonder; amazing.

youngest should tax Mr. Bingley Here, Lydia is placing on Mr. Bingley the obligation of giving a ball.

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