Summary and Analysis Book VII: Chapter II - Commonly Held Beliefs about Continence and Incontinence


This chapter contains a discussion of popularly held ideas on continence and incontinence current in Aristotle's time. None are relevant to the main argument of Book VII, and Aristotle demonstrates that all these ideas are either contradictory or inconsistent with each other or with conclusions already reached in earlier books.

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According to Aristotle, three conditions must be fulfilled for friendship to exist between two people. One of those conditions is

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