Your ASVAB scores are compiled into various subsets to help measure your potential for various activities. The scores from the ASVAB can be used for both civilian and military careers. These scores are valid predictors of success in training programs and on-the-job performance for enlisted military occupations, 80 percent of which are applicable in civilian life. That means that even if you don't join the military, you can still use your scores to help you choose a career path.
The subsets are as follows:
Verbal Ability Composite: Word Knowledge plus Paragraph Comprehension; measures your potential for verbal activities.
Math Ability Composite: Arithmetic Reasoning plus Mathematics Knowledge; measures your potential for mathematical activities.
Academic Ability Composite: Verbal Ability plus Math Ability composites; measures your potential for further formal education.