An area of inquiry is a scientific discipline
if its investigators use the scientific method
, which is a systematic approach to researching questions and problems through objective and accurate observation, collection and analysis of data, direct experimentation
, and replication
(repeating) of these procedures. Scientists affirm the importance of gathering information carefully, remaining unbiased when evaluating information, observing phenomena, conducting experiments, and accurately recording procedures and results. They are also skeptical about their results, so they repeat their work and have their findings confirmed by other scientists.
Is sociological research scientific? Yes! By definition, sociological research
is the scientific means of acquiring information about various aspects of society and social behavior. Sociologists use the scientific method. Like other scientists, they stress the accurate and unbiased collection and analysis of social data, use systematic observation, conduct experiments, and exhibit skepticism.