Vascular cambium. Some plants grow in diameter by producing new tissues laterally from a cylinder of tissue called the vascular cambium, which extends throughout the length of the plant from the tips of the shoots to the tips of the roots. It is present in allperennial and in some annual plants. Tissues produced by cell divisions of the vascular cambium are secondary tissues.
Cork cambium. Cork cambia (singular: cambium), also called phellogens, are found in the bark of roots and stems of woody plants where they produce cork cells. The cork cambia originate just under the epidermis of the primary body and in some tree species are long cylinders running parallel to the vascular cambium. In other species, more discrete, disk-like cork cambia in the trunks produce flat plates of bark tissues that break off in large scales as the tree ages.
Intercalary meristem. Grasses have intercalary meristems located along the stems near the nodes. Cell divisions in this tissue push the stem upward. Grasses and other monocots have no lateral meristems so any lateral increase in size is the result of primary tissue cell enlargement, not cell divisions.