Ways to Show Multiplication and Division

Some operations can be written in a variety of forms. You should become familiar with the different forms. Following are several ways to show multiplication:

  • Multiplication sign: 4 × 3 = 12
  • Multiplication dot: 4 · 3 = 12
  • Two sets of parentheses: (4)(3) = 12
  • One set of parentheses: 4(3) = 12 or (4)3 = 12
  • A number next to a variable (letter): 3 a means 3 times a.
  • Two variables (letters) next to each other: ab means a times b.
There are several ways to show division:
  • Division sign: 10 ÷ 2 = 5
  • Fraction bar: equation = 5 or 10/2 = 5