King Lear By William Shakespeare Study Help Full Glossary

alteration change (of mind).

answer any act in response or retaliation.

apprehension capture or arrest.

arbitrement an absolute and final decision.

attaint to prove guilty.

avouched asserted; affirmed.

ballow a short, thick stick or club.

bandy to give and take; specifically, to exchange (words) in an angry or argumentative manner.

bans curses.

belike quite likely; probably.

bemadding maddening.

bend 1 to turn or direct. 2 to cause to have a fixed purpose; determine; aim.

bending overhanging; prominent.

bending to turn or direct.

benison a blessing; benediction.

besort to be suitable to.

blood parental heritage; family line; lineage.

bourn a limit; boundary; a domain.

braz'd 1 made of, or coated with, brass or a brasslike substance. 2 made hard like brass.

briefness sudden action; a short duration or length.

cadent falling.

carbonado to cut gashes in; slash; hack.

cataracts floodgate (of heaven).

century a military unit, originally made up of 100 men.

character style of printing or handwriting.

clipp'd inaccurate through omission.

cock a small boat propelled by oars, esp. one used as a ship's tender.

conceit a flight of imagination; fancy.

convenient appropriate; suitable.

cope to meet, encounter, or have to do (with).

cowish timid; cowardly.

coxcomb a cap topped with a notched strip of red cloth like a cock's comb, formerly worn by jesters.

cullionly low, contemptible.

curious highly detailed, as in workmanship; elaborate.

daub it further disguise it further.

dearn gloomy; bleak.

defuse 1 complicate. 2 to render harmless.

descent the lowest point; here, the sole of a shoe.

dog-hearted ferocious; cruel; pitiless.

faith'd approved; endorsed.

felicitate made happy.

festinate hurried.

fetches tricks; dodges.

finical finicky.

fire extreme suffering or distress that tries one's endurance; tribulation or ordeal.

first cock midnight.

fitchew lewd woman; prostitute.

flesh to begin; activate.

footed secured.

fordone destroyed, killed, ruined, etc.

forfended prohibited; forbidden.

gauntlet 1 a medieval glove, usually of leather covered with metal plates, worn by knights in armor to protect the hand in combat. 2 throw down the gauntlet to challenge, as to combat.

goatish lustful; lecherous.

good host shelterer, entertainer.

green mantle a surface covered with scum or froth.

greet the time hurry; meet the emergency.

horse-way horse path.

idle frivolous; silly.

idle having no value, use, or significance; worthless.

ill affected unfaithful.

imports to mean; signify.

jakes an outdoor toilet; privy.

joint-stool a stool made with jointed parts.

justicers legal officials; judges.

kibes a chapped or ulcerated chilblain especially on the heel.

lendings things that one has let another have use of temporarily and on condition that they, or equivalents, be returned.

list a wish; a craving, desire, or inclination.

long-engrafted firmly established.

make from to stay away from; avoid.

maugre in spite of.

meiny attendants, collectively; retinue or household.

minikin very small and delicate; diminutive.

moiety 1 a half; either of two equal, or more or less equal, parts. 2 an indefinite share or part.

more composition the act of composing, or putting together a whole by combining parts.

nether-stocks tights or stockings.

nighted made dark; black.

of her bosom have her trust or confidence.

offices the function or characteristic action of a particular thing.

opposeless irresistible.

out wall outside; exterior.

out-paramour'd having more lovers or mistresses.

pawn anything given as security, as for a debt, performance of an action, and so on; pledge; guaranty.

plackets pockets, especially in a woman's skirt or a petticoat.

plain to complain.

portable bearable; endurable.

pricks any of various pointed objects, as a thorn, goad, and so on.

proper fine; good; handsome.

propinquity nearness of relationship; kinship.

punder confusion; excitement.

quarrels a cause for dispute.

question communication; an asking; inquiry.

questrists seekers; pursuers.

rank growing vigorously and coarsely; overly luxuriant.

recreant failing to keep faith; disloyal; traitorous; apostate.

remotion 1 the act of removing. 2 inaccessibility.

rings the outer edge or border of something circular; rim, as of a wheel.

roundest outspoken; plain and blunt; straightforward.

ruffle to disturb, irritate, or annoy; to take away the smoothness of; wrinkle; ripple.

silly-ducking submissive.

simples a medicinal herb; a medicine made from a plant.

sliver to cut or break into slivers.

smilets small smiles; half-smiles.

snuffs disputes; squabbles.

sovereign above or superior to all others; chief; greatest; supreme.

speed to have good fortune; prosper; succeed.

squiny to squint.

straight immediately.

strain ancestry; lineage; descent.

superfluous extravagant; prodigal.

take upon be interested in.

taking contagious; infectious.

tranc'd a stunned condition; daze; stupor.

trick a personal habit or mannerism.

trundle-tail a dog with a curled tail.

unpriz'd precious to be unimportant to one person, but appreciated or valued highly by another.

vaunt-couriers a forerunner; precursor.

welk'd r idged or twisted.

white flakes white hair.

wide-skirted vast; extensive.

yokefellow a companion, partner, or associate.

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