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Black Elk Speaks

John Gneisenau Niehardt

Character Analysis Red Cloud

Sioux Chief Red Cloud negotiated the Treaty of Laramie (referred to as "the Treaty of 1868") with the U.S. Government. He shows great concern for the survival of his people, interceding at Fort Robinson when the soldiers are about to punish a mischievous boy and urging surrender to reservation life when the Sioux are wandering in starvation. Many of the Sioux, including Black Elk, thought of him as being too cooperative with the U.S. Government; Black Elk calls him an "agency Indian" and his band "the Hang-Around-the-Fort people."