Imperfect Verbs with Spelling Changes

Only two categories of verbs with spelling changes need a closer look in the imperfect:

For verbs ending in ‐cer, change c to ç before the a to keep the soft c (s) sound. This change occurs only inside the shoe.

  • j'avançais
  • tu avançais
  • il/elle avançait
  • nous avancions
  • vous avanciez
  • ils avançaient

For verbs ending in ‐ger, insert a silent e between g and a to keep the soft g (zh) sound. This change occurs only inside the shoe.

  • je nageais
  • tu nageais
  • il/elle nageait
  • nous nagions
  • vous nagiez
  • ils nageaient