Which U.S. presidents also served in the House of Representatives?

To date, 19 U.S. presidents have served in the House of Representatives; another 18 representatives received a presidential nomination but were defeated. Here are the presidents who served in the House and the states they represented:

 

President/Representative

State

James Madison

Virginia

John Quincy Adams

Massachusetts

Andrew Jackson

Tennessee

John Tyler

Virginia

William Henry Harrison

Ohio

James Polk

Tennessee

Franklin Pierce

New Hampshire

Millard Fillmore

New York

James Buchanan

Pennsylvania

Abraham Lincoln

Illinois

Andrew Johnson

Tennessee

Rutherford B. Hayes

Ohio

James Garfield

Ohio

William McKinley

Ohio

John F. Kennedy

Massachusetts

Lyndon B. Johnson

Texas

Richard Nixon

California

Gerald Ford

Michigan

George H.W. Bush

Texas

John Quincy Adams is a special case: He is the only president to serve in the House of Representatives after his presidency — 14 years after, to be exact. He didn't serve in the House before his presidency, but he did serve one term in the Senate two decades before he moved into the White House.